Bad Girls: Cinematic Ladies and the Art of the Tease

Aside from the obvious sexual innuendo, some of the greatest actresses in Hollywood have taken on controversial roles of the “Bad Girl” in films because the script’s characters have depth, grit, purpose and commitment. Here are four “bad girl” films where the actresses made cinematic history with their outstanding performances and helped push the movie industry to developing “meatier” roles for women. This week, proudly presents Brigitte Bardot in 1956’s Mademoiselle Striptease, Marlene Dietrich in 1931’s The Blue Angel, Karen Black in 1973’s The Pyx, and Sophia Loren in 1963’s Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow.

Lean back and let these amazingly talented ladies entertain you.

Yours truly,
Where you’ll find Movies you love with Stars you know.

Mademoiselle Striptease

In Mademoiselle Striptease, the air is thick with innuendo, pratfalls and, of course, a strip-tease contest in this classic French sex-comedy. Originally titled Plucking the Daisy, this 1956 black & white comedy drama directed by Marc Allégret stars bombshell Brigitte Bardot in telling the story of a young girl – an aspiring writer – who side-steps some Parisian wolves as she unwittingly ignites hellfire in the minds of men from the Seine to the Sorbonne.

The Blue Angel

The Blue Angel is a 1931 Josef von Sternberg black & white musical drama starring Marlene Dietrich, Kurt Gerron and Emil Jannings telling the story of an educator so smitten by a cabaret dancer that he loses everything in the name of love, eventually losing his very life! Eyes up boys – it’s dangerous down there!

The Pyx

The Pyx, with Karen Black and Christopher Plumber starring in this 1973 Harvey Hart horror crime thriller, is about a grizzly murder that puts an investigating detective in the middle of the occult surrounded by prostitution, drug addiction and conspiracy with all of her suspects mysteriously dropping like flies.

Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow

Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow is a 1963 comedy anthology film by Italian director Vittorio de Sica, starring Sophia Loren and Marcello Mastroianni and consists of three hilarious short stories about couples in different parts of Italy. This film won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 1964 Academy Awards.

Tired of the Drama in the News?

Let go of North Korea and the NFL player’s protests; let go of the fires and floods and natural disasters; let go of the ratings wars, the fake media and the late-night twitter madness. Escape today’s stress by binge-watching some great comedies on with these hilarious film and television collections that will transport you to another world that is non-political, non-threatening and just downright funny! This week we are proud to present 8 episodes of The Three Stooges; 4 full-length films of The Marx Brothers; and 30 episodes of The Beverly Hillbillies.

Treat yourself and enjoy a few hours of fun-filled fantasy, and let the world take care of itself.

Yours truly,
Where you’ll find Movies you love with Stars you know.

The Three Stooges

The Three Stooges were an American vaudeville and comedy team active from 1928 until 1970, best known for their 190 Columbia short-subject films that have been airing on television regularly since 1958. These 8 episodes in this collection include Brideless Groom, Disorder in the Court, Malice in the Palace and 5 others.

The Marx Brothers

The Marx Brothers were an American family comedy act that was successful in vaudeville, on Broadway, and in motion pictures from 1905 to 1949. These 4 movies in this collection include A Night in Casablanca, Animal Crackers, Horse Feathers and Room Service.

The Beverly Hillbillies

This series follows the Clampett family from the Ozarks to posh Beverly Hills after they strike oil and become millionaires. Banker Mr. Drysdale tries to keep them from foolishly spending their newfound wealth, and he also tries to “civilize” them – usually succeeding in making a fool of himself in the process. There are 30 episodes in our collection, including the first 2 seasons starting in 1962.

Influential Martial Arts Action Films

Martial Arts movies gained popularity in the 70s and 80s and continue to grow even today. Before Tarantino’s 2003 “Kill Bill” reached renowned iconic public success, many extremely talented and adept actors and action figures contributed to the surging fandom of the genre.

This week, presents four such influential movies that have had tremendous influence on Tarantino and the Martial Arts genre in general, including Jackie Chan’s 1977 36 Crazy Fists, Bruce Lee’s 1971 Fists of Fury, Sonny Chiba’s 1976 The Bodyguard, and Fred Williamson’s 1987 blaxploitation film Black Cobra.

Sit back, relax and stream some killer action movies with some truly amazing and gravity-defying action.

Yours truly,
Where you’ll find Movies you love with Stars you know.

36 Crazy Fists – with Jackie Chan

“36 Crazy Fists” is a 1977 Martial Arts/Action/Drama film directed by Chi-Hwa Chen, billed as staring Jackie Chan (but he is nowhere to be seen in the movie – he was the fight choreographer and stunt man!), and actually stars Siu-Hung Leung, Michelle Yim and Lau Chan. 36 Crazy Fists tells the story of a man struggling to learn Kung Fu to avenge the death of his father who was murdered by Manchurian gangsters. Lots of stellar martial arts action, and wonderful set-ups for humor, but somehow the punch lines never seem to hit home. Maybe it was lost in translation? Or editing … but still a great martial arts period piece!

Fists of Fury – with Bruce Lee

“Fists of Fury,” also known as “The Big Boss,” is a 1971 Martial Arts / Action / Drama film written and directed by Wei Lo staring the infamous Bruce Lee, Maria Yi, James Tien, and Yong-Chieh Han, and tells the story of how a young martial arts master, committed to non-violence, reluctantly but masterfully pits his inner warrior against the criminal forces behind the disappearance of his cousins. This was Bruce Lee’s first major film, however it was written for James Tien. When the film’s original director, Ng Kar-seung, was replaced by Lo, Lee was given the leading role instead. Lee’s strong performance overshadowed Tien, already a star in Hong Kong, and made Bruce Lee famous across Asia – and soon – the world.

The Bodyguard – with Sonny Chiba

“The Bodyguard” (aka Karate Kiba) is a 1976 Martial Arts/Action/Crime thriller directed by Ryuichi Takamori and Simon Nuchterm staring Shin’ichi (Sonny) Chiba, Jiro Chiba, Etsuko Shihomi and Aaron Banks, and tells the tale of a karate master and anti-drug vigilante who returns to his home in Japan, where he announces his intention to wipe out the nation’s drug industry and offers protection for those who inform on the drug-traffickers. Interestingly, Quentin Tarantino’s “Pulp Fiction” movie paid homage to this film when Samuel L. Jackson’s character quoted Ezekiel 25:17 from the bible, as did Chiba’s character in this film (with minor edits, of course)!

Black Cobra – with Fred Williamson

“Black Cobra” is the 1987 Stelvio Massi and Umberto Lenzi Italian blaxploitation action/thriller/martial arts film starring Fred Williamson and Eva Gimaldi where a detective protects a murder witness from a vicious gang of evil bikers. This is the first of a series of four Cobra character film sequels following the exploits of career detective Robert “Bob” Malone played by Williamson.

Classic Dystopian Tales

Hollywood has been in the business of telling chilling tales for decades, real or imagined, that show parts of the world in chaos, men and women living in an out-of-order environment, where anarchy abounds, and sometimes forces a civilization to behave insanely inhumane to each other.

This week, presents four dystopian tales from our classic movie archives – one based on fantasy, and the other three based on documented history: Here is 1975’s A Boy and His Dog with Don Johnson; 1987’s Deadline with Christopher Walken; 1985’s Hitler’s SS: Portrait in Evil; and 1960’s Two Women with Sophia Loren.

Each brilliant, each poignant, and each worth seeing again.

Yours truly,
Where you’ll find Movies you love with Stars you know.

A Boy and His Dog

A Boy and His Dog is the L. Q. Jones 1975 Sci-Fi Dramedy starring Don Johnson, Jason Robards and Suzanne Benton in which a doomed teenager, foraging the post-apocalyptical desert of 2024, is seduced by a girl from the underground for some other-worldly purposes.


Deadline, also released under the name “Witness in the War Zone,” is a 1987 Nathanael Gutman war drama starring Christopher Walken, Hywel Bennett, Marita Marschall and Arnon Zadok telling the story of an ace reporter assigned in Beirut during the Lebanese civil war of 1983 when he is duped, set-up and uncovers a murderous plot to kill hundreds of civilians. Walken performs this role flawlessly.

Hitler’s SS: Portrait in Evil

Hitler’s SS: Portrait in Evil is the 1985 Jim Goddard war drama starring John Shea, Bill Nighy, Lucy Gutteridge, Carroll Baker, Jose Ferrer and Tony Randall telling the story of two brothers who grow up in the Great Depression of the Weimar Republic, witness the coming to power of the NSDAP (Nazi Party) and the establishment of the Third Reich.

Two Women

Two Women is a 1960 Italian war drama directed by Vittorio De Sica and stars Sophia Loren, Jean-Paul Belmondo and Eleonora Brown. Two Women tells the poignant story of a devout mother and daughter who, when forced to leave Rome under attack by the Allied forces, fall for the same man and are attacked and assaulted by soldiers. They struggle to overcome the tragedy that changes them both forever. Ms. Loren won an Academy Award for her magnificent performance.

Making Moviegoers Squirm

Story-telling masters, like directors Hitchcock and De Palma, have refined our appetites for psychological thrillers. This week, takes a look at four important classic psychological thrillers that still keep us on the edge of our seats chewing on our fingernails. We proudly present 1979’s Dominique is Dead directed by Michael Anderson, 1955’s Diabolique directed by Henri-Georges Clouzot and also 1955’s The Man with The Golden Arm directed by Otto Preminger, and finally, 1956’s The Man Who Knew Too Much directed by the one-and-only Alfred Hitchcock. Just try to get comfortable during any of these films – we bet you can’t!

Yours truly,
Where you’ll find Movies you love with Stars you know.


Dominique is Dead – with Cliff Robertson and Jean Simmons

Dominique is Dead is the 1979 Michael Anderson thriller starring Cliff Robertson and Jean Simmons where an American stockbroker in England drives his wife to commit suicide – or so he thinks!

Diabolique – with Simone Signoret and Paul Meurisse

Diabolique is the 1955 Henri-Georges Clouzot thriller starring Paul Meurisse, Vera Clouzot and Simone Signoret where a cruel and abusive headmaster of a boarding school becomes the target of a murder plot hatched by the unlikely duo of his wife and his mistress.

The Man with the Golden Arm – with Frank Sinatra and Kim Novak

The Man With the Golden Arm is the 1955 Otto Preminger suspense starring Frank Sinatra and Kim Novak where a recovering heroin user struggles to remain clean in his old neighborhood where his habit started.

The Man Who Knew Too Much with Jimmy Stewart and Doris Day

The Man Who Knew Too Much is the 1956 Alfred Hitchcock thriller starring James Stewart and Doris Day where a family traveling in Morocco witnesses an assassination, setting their lives and safety in drastic and unsavory danger as their son is abducted by the assassins and they struggle to get him back – without the help of the police.

BFF’s: Guys that Got the Girl – In the Movies

The American cinema history is full of handsome and talented stars that contributed mightily to the art of making movies as the romantic leads. This week, brings you four of the finest leading male actors in Hollywood: Sir Lawrence Olivier directed and starred with Marilyn Monroe in 1957’s The Prince and the Showgirl; Cary Grant starred with Irene Dunne in 1941’s Penny Serenade; Randolph Scott starred with Mala Powers in 1955’s Rage at Dawn and finally, Montgomery Clift starred with Jennifer Jones in 1953’s Indiscretion of an American Wife. Sit back, relax and watch as these men teach all the others how to romance a girl.

Yours truly,
Where you’ll find Movies you love with Stars you know.


The Prince and the Showgirl – Laurence Olivier & Marilyn Monroe

The Prince and The Showgirl is the 1957 romantic comedy directed by and co-starring Laurence Olivier with Marilyn Monroe, Richard Wattis, Dame Sybil Thorndike, Jean Kent, Jeremy Spenser and David Horne. Set in London in 1911, it tells the tale of a dignified prince in London for Royal business that falls in love with a traveling showgirl and their whirlwind courtship during the pompous Royal festivities. With their diverse backgrounds, can they make it work? Love always wins!

Penny Serenade – Cary Grant and Irene Dunne

Glamour, laughter and tragedy converge in the 1941 romantic drama, Penny Serenade. George Stevens directs Irene Dunn and Cary Grant in telling a gripping and heart-wrenching story of a couple’s big dreams giving way to unexpected tragedy and redemptive joy. An emotional roller coaster of a melodrama that is sentimental in the extreme, Penny Serenade balances moments of heartbreaking pathos with uproarious laughter. Only director Stevens could have handled a scene with a copiously weeping Cary Grant without causing embarrassment. Nonetheless, Penny Serenade will require having at least one box of tissues on hand.

Rage at Dawn – Randolph Scott and Mala Powers

Rage at Dawn is a 1955 Tim Whelan western drama starring Randolph Scott, Forrest Tucker, Mala Powers and Edgar Buchanan telling the complex story of the Reno Brothers and their sister who believe they are above the law, until the Peterson Detective Agency sends a former Civil War secret agent to set up the brothers in a train robbery sting. Oh – and of course, Scott’s character, the stinging agent/detective, also wins the heart of the sister.

Indiscretion of an American Wife – Montgomery Clift and Jennifer Jones

Indiscretion of an American Wife – originally titled Stazione Termini – is a 1953 black & white Vittorio De Sica – directed story of a doomed love affair between an Italian man and an American woman starring Montgomery Clift opposite Jennifer Jones. As eye-candy for both sexes, their appeal was further enhanced with fabulous wardrobes designed by Christian Dior who won the 1955 Academy Award for Best Costume Design for this film.

The Enduring Allure of Marilyn Monroe

Slightly more than 200 books have been published about her since the death of Marilyn Monroe on August 5th, 1962. Complex, mysterious and often misunderstood, she was nonetheless a blonde bombshell, sex goddess and incomparable femme fatale who has continued to mesmerize us since her untimely passing 55 years ago at age 36.

This week’s MovieZoot Watchlist offers a mosaic, a puzzle comprised of quotes from the actors, directors and colleagues who worked with Marilyn Monroe on four of her most famous films in’s classics catalogue, which we have the pleasure of featuring in this week’s MovieZoot Watchlist.. But it is what we don’t know about Marilyn Monroe that deepens the unprecedented hold this woman still commands over popular culture.

Joshua Logan, Director of “Bus Stop”
“I’ve encountered two actors who I consider to be geniuses on screen.
One is Marlon Brando and the other is Marilyn Monroe.”

Jack Cole, Choreographer of “Gentlemen Prefer Blondes”
“The motivation of her tardiness is a terrible fear of failure. Here is a great star without the proper background. She is always looking for more time — a hem out of line, a mussed hair, a scene to discuss. Anything to avoid doing something for which she feels inadequate.”

Lauren Bacall, Co-Star in “How To Marry A Millionaire”
”She had no meanness in her. No bitchery. She just had to concentrate on herself and people who were there to help her.”

Dame Sybil Thorndike, Co-Star in “The Prince and The Showgirl”
“While working with her on the set, I thought, ‘Oh, she’ll never come through, she’s so small scale.’ Then I went to see the rushes and it was ALL there. She was a revelation, the perfect screen actress. And it’s always there, in all her movies. That perfect quality.”

Yours Truly,
Where you’ll find Movies you love with Stars you know.

Bus Stop

Screen Shot 2017-08-24 at 12.00.47 PMThis film adaptation of William Inge’s romantic comedy-drama was considered pretty hot stuff in its day, which was 1956. Directed by Joshua Logan, the film stars Marilyn Monroe as the kind of woman who can’t understand why she always brings out the worst in men. A singer who has attracted the attention of a young rodeo rider (Don Murray) whom she meets on a bus, she finds herself trapped at a bus stop in the middle of nowhere during a blizzard. The young cowboy, whose intentions are honorable, can’t control his temper and can’t understand why this experienced woman won’t take him seriously – and why she rejects him when he begins acting jealous and possessive. Love takes its lumps but comes out slugging in the end, with Marilyn at her vulnerable, jaded best.

Gentlemen Prefer Blondes

Screen Shot 2017-08-24 at 12.02.48 PMMarilyn Monroe is the blonde in question: Miss Lorelei Lee, whose philosophy is “diamonds are a girl’s best friend.” Together with her best friend Dorothy (Jane Russell), showgirl Lorelei embarks upon a boat trip to Paris, where she intends to marry millionaire Gus Esmond (Tommy Noonan). En route, the girls are bedeviled by private detective Malone (Elliot Reid), hired by Esmond’s father (Taylor Holmes) to make certain that Lorelei isn’t just another gold-digger. When Dorothy falls in love with the poverty-stricken Malone, Lorelei decides to find her pal a wealthier potential husband.

How To Marry A Millionaire

Screen Shot 2017-08-24 at 12.05.56 PMAlong with Lauren Bacall and Betty Grable, Marilyn Monroe plays one of three New York City models of modest means who rent an expensive Manhattan penthouse apartment and pose as women of wealth. Tired of cheap men in cheap suits, it’s all part of a scheme hatched by Bacall to snare rich husbands for herself and her roommates. They intend to use all their talents to trap and marry three millionaires. The trouble is that it’s not so easy to tell the rich men from the hucksters – and even when they can, is the money really worth it?

The Prince and The Showgirl

Screen Shot 2017-08-24 at 12.07.10 PMMarilyn Monroe and Sir Lawrence Olivier mix it up when Grandduke Charles, (Olivier) the prince-regent of Carpathia, a fictitious Balkan country which could start a European war by switching alliances, visits London for the coronation of the new British King in 1911, spends his one evening off at the Coconut Girl Club. The reputed stickler for protocol is so charmed by Elsie, the clumsy American understudy charming and cleverly played by Monroe, that he orders his British attaché to invite her to the embassy for a private supper. Unbeknownst to the Grandduke and his aids, Elsie understands German and learns of the repressive attitude of the regent and the plans of his reformist, pro-German minor son, King Nicholas, to take over power by surprise, but doesn’t dodge and tries to reconcile father and son. Surprise of surprises, the queen-dowager takes a liking to Elsie and decides to make her lady-in-waiting for the coronation day, so she stays in the picture.

Tough Guys

It’s easy to forget the legendary tough guys who didn’t need to hide behind superpowers, a super suit or super explosives. But we’ll bet you the badasses starring in this week’s MovieZoot Watchlist picks from our classic movie collection can match every Superman, Batman or Robocop, foiling villains by relying only on brains, brawn and the occasional weapon or two.

This week, watch some of the biggest toughest guys in the history of tough guy films with Marlon Brando in the 1961 western”One-Eyed Jacks,” Charles Bronson in the 1973 action-packed “Chino,” Bruce Lee in the 1971 classic “Fists of Fury” and John Wayne in the 1970 gun-blazing western adventure “Rio Lobo.”

While super powers or super suits could make things infinitely easier for these dudes, what makes them so endearing to audiences is that some of them could be any of us.

Yours truly,
Where you’ll find Movies you love with Stars you know.


“Chino”Filmed in 1973, true Western adventure and action abound with Charles Bronson as Chino Valdez, a horse breeder in New Mexico shunned by everyone for being half Native American. But his loner lifestyle shifts when he houses a young runaway and trains him in horse breeding. Meanwhile, a wealthy rancher named Maral, played by Marcel Bozzufi, tries to force Chino to leave town so he can claim his horses and break up the romance between Chino and his sister, played by Jill Ireland.

Fists of Fury

“FistsA 1972 classic, after his kung fu master is murdered, martial arts expert Bruce Lee vows vengeance. He discovers that a Japanese drug smuggling ring is behind it all and takes action with a Capitol A.

One-Eyed Jacks

“One-EyedMarlon Brando not only stars in this 1973 Western but directed the tale of intrigue and betrayal. Released from jail for a bank heist, his character, Rio, learns that his partner in crime, Dad Longworth—played by Karl Malden—has become a wealthy and influential lawman thanks to the loot they stole. Rio thirsts for revenge but bides his time, waiting for the right moment to strike.

Rio Lobo

“RioJohn Wayne is at his give ‘em hell best in the 1971 portrayal of Cord McNally. The last of his Civil War characterizations, he plays Cord McNally, a Union Army colonel who loses a gold shipment in a Confederate raid, during which a devoted young officer is also killed. After the end of the war, McNally bears no ill-will toward the leaders of the raid, Pierre Cordona (Jorge Rivero) and Tuscarora Phillips (Christopher Mitchum), who were acting as soldiers, but he still wants the two unknown men on the Union side who they say sold them the information about the gold shipments. A year later, McNally crosses paths with one of the men, now a deputy from Rio Lobo.

Real Badass Heroes in Action

Sometimes we just want to see some real Badass heroes in action. This week on, we are featuring four great actors playing real tough guys in their movie roles. Get lots of popcorn and settle yourself in for some real hard-core action films from our collection including 1978’s China9/Liberty37 starring Warren Oates and Fabio Testi; 1973’s Chino starring Charles Bronson and Marcel Bozzuffi; 1968’s Commandos starring Lee Van Cleef and Jack Kelly; and finally, 1980’s Cry of the Innocent starring Rod Taylor and Nigel Davenport. Ready? Action!

Yours truly,
Where you’ll find Movies you love with Stars you know.


China 9/Liberty 37

“ChinaChina 9/Liberty 37 is the 1978 Monte Hellman western drama starring Warren Oates, Fabio Testi and Jenny Agutter where a convicted criminal befriends a miner holding out from selling his land to the railroad that he was hired to kill. He falls in love with the miner’s wife and all hell breaks loose in this western tale of deceit, infidelity, friendship and love – but most of all – redemption.



“Chino”Charles Bronson plays the title role in Chino and Jill Ireland, Marcel Bozzuffi and Vincent Van Patten star in this 1973 Western Action Drama directed by John Sturges and Duilio Coletti about a half-breed loner and horse breeder living in the old west who takes in a young run-away boy looking for work and trying to find his own place in the world. Based on the 1967 best-selling book, The Valdez Horses by Lee Hoffman, Chino is an Italian-Spanish-French co-produced film shot in Spain, with an American actor playing a Mexican rancher. You may want to call this spaghetti western a ‘global western.’



“Commandos”Commandos is a 1968 Italian war drama directed by Armando Crispino and starring Lee Van Cleef and Jack Kelly. It tells the story of two Americans leading a band of seemingly Italian commandos on a World War II mission to secure a North African oasis. Not just a few complications arise as the storyline twists and turns, enhancing the soldier’s commitment to the original mission.


Cry of the Innocent

“CryCry of the Innocent is the 1980 Michael O’Herlihy suspenseful action drama starring Rod Taylor, Joanna Pettet and Nigel Davenport telling the tale of a former green beret now an insurance agent in Dublin whose family was accidentally killed as collateral damage by a greedy conglomerate looking to expand their riches, and the struggles he faces as he seeks his vengeance.

The Adventures and Misadventures of Journalists

Sometimes it seems as if reporters and journalists have the most interesting lives. Or is it that their stories are just told so well?
Come find out with us this week at where we examine the adventures and misadventures of four separate journalists and reporters with the likes of Christopher Walkin and Hywel Bennett in Deadline, Lee Remick and Jill Clayburgh in Hustling, Cary Grant and Rosalind Russell in His Girl Friday, and Van Johnson and Elizabeth Taylor in The Last Time I Saw Paris.

Yours truly,
Where you’ll find Movies you love with Stars you know.


“Deadline”Deadline, also released under the name “Witness in the War Zone,” is a 1987 Nathanael Gutman war drama starring Christopher Walken, Hywel Bennett, Marita Marschall and Arnon Zadok telling the story of an ace reporter assigned in Beirut during the Lebanese civil war of 1983 when he is duped, set-up and uncovers a murderous plot to kill hundreds of civilians. Walken performs this role flawlessly.

His Girl Friday

“HisIn his classic 1940 black and white Romantic Comedy, His Girl Friday, director Howard Hawkes tells the story of a newspaper editor (Cary Grant) who uses every trick in the book to keep his ace reporter and ex-wife, (Rosalind Russell) from now marrying her new boyfriend (Ralph Bellamy). Great fun and great use of dialog over-looping creating a soundtrack that sounds more like real-life conversation than a recorded and rehearsed script.


“Hustling”Hustling is the 1975 Joseph Sargent drama starring Lee Remick, Jill Clayburgh, Monte Markham and Alex Rocco telling the story of a reporter for a New York City magazine decided to investigate the city’s prostitution industry to find out just who was making all the money. What she found out caused a firestorm of controversy – that many of the city’s richest and most powerful families and corporations benefited directly and indirectly from the illegal sex business.

The Last Time I Saw Paris

“TheThe Last Time I Saw Paris is the 1954 Richard Brooks drama / romance featuring an all-star cast with Van Johnson, Elizabeth Taylor, Walter Pidgeon, Donna Reed and Roger Moore in which a post-war soldier/journalist/wanna-be novelist in Paris journeys through heart-wrenching love and loss, rags to riches, and a final redemption that is sure a fill a few tissues!